Health Problems Developed During Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a unique period of your life, and, as excited as you are about your upcoming or current pregnancy, there are bound to be some bumps in the road. However, the majority of problems that arise during pregnancy require further attention.
These problems include:
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Anemia happens when your red blood cell count (haemoglobin) is low. The most common type of anemia is iron deficiency anemia. Iron is a component of hemoglobin, which enables blood to transport oxygen. Pregnant women require more iron than usual for their developing child as well as the increased volume of blood in their bodies. Iron and folic acid supplements may be recommended by your healthcare provider to overcome this problem.
When blood sugar levels are determined to be excessively high during pregnancy, gestational diabetes develops. The issue is usually detected using a two-step procedure: screening with a glucose challenge screening test around 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy, followed by an oral glucose tolerance test as a diagnostic test. Preeclampsia (a condition characterised by a sudden increase in a pregnant woman's blood pressure along with the presence of protein in the urine after the 20th week of pregnancy) and cesarean birth are all risks associated with gestational diabetes. Controlling blood sugar levels through a healthy diet and exercise, as well as medication if blood sugar levels stay high, are all part of treatment.
Depression and Anxiety
During pregnancy and after the baby is born, women endure depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. These conditions can have a substantial impact on the mother's and child's health. Hormonal changes, stress, family history, and changes in brain chemistry or structure may all play a role in sadness and anxiety during and after pregnancy. Women who suffer problems during pregnancy are more likely to develop postpartum depression than women who do not. If you do not take care of yourself throughout pregnancy, such as attending regular prenatal visits and avoiding alcohol and tobacco use, depression can harm the developing fetus. If you're feeling overwhelmed, unhappy, or anxious, talk to your doctor. Depression and anxiety, despite their seriousness, are curable diseases.
Reduced mobility and being measured as smaller than usual are two possible concerns in the fetus after 28 weeks of pregnancy. These pregnancies often need further testing, including ultrasound tests, non-stress testing, and biophysical profiles, as well as the possibility of an early birth.
Pregnancy-Related High Blood Pressure
Pregnant women with elevated blood pressure should be constantly monitored for preeclampsia.
During pregnancy and/or delivery, infections, particularly some sexually transmitted infections (STIs), can cause issues for the pregnant woman, the pregnancy, and the infant after delivery.
Beyond the traditional "morning sickness," some women have severe, persistent nausea and vomiting throughout pregnancy. To alleviate nausea, medication may be recommended. Women with hyperemesis gravidarum may need to be admitted to the hospital to receive the fluids and nutrition they require through a venous tube. By the 20th week of pregnancy, the situation usually improves.
A miscarriage occurs when a pregnancy ends before the 20th week due to natural factors. It is difficult to say how many pregnancies end in miscarriage because they can happen before a woman even realizes she is expecting. Chromosomal abnormalities are the most common cause of miscarriage in the first trimester. Cramping or bleeding are two common symptoms. Spotting early in pregnancy is frequent and does not necessarily indicate that the pregnancy will end in a miscarriage.
The placenta can separate from the inner uterine wall in some women. This abruption or separation, can be mild, moderate, or severe. If the condition is severe, the fetus will be unable to acquire the oxygen and nourishment it requires to survive. Bleeding, cramping, and uterine soreness are all symptoms of placental abruption. Treatment is determined by the severity of the abruption as well as the stage of the pregnancy. Severe cases may need delivery sooner than expected.
It is optimal for infants to be born after 39 or 40 weeks of pregnancy (full term). Between 37 and 39 weeks of pregnancy, the lungs, liver, and brain of the fetus go through a critical period of development. Going into labor before 37 weeks of pregnancy puts the baby at risk for problems and the mother at risk for future preterm births. When the mother or the baby's health is in jeopardy, it may be necessary to deliver the baby before 39 weeks. It is advisable to wait until at least 39 weeks in a healthy pregnancy.
Regular prenatal checkups enable the health care practitioner to discover any health problems early and take steps to address them, protecting the mother's and developing fetus's health. Knowing the signs and symptoms of the above problems, as well as receiving regular prenatal care, can help you avoid health concerns and receive treatment as soon as possible.